The lion (latin term: Panthera leo) is a member of the family Felidae of the genus Panthera. It is the second-largest living cat after the tiger with some individuals exceeding 250 kg. Until about 10,000 years ago the lion was the most widespread large land mammal beside humans. Today, wild lions only exist in Sub-Saharan Africa and in Asia with a critically endangered remnant population in northwest India. They disappeared from North Africa, the Middle East, and Western Asia.

Lions are predatory carnivors. Most of them live in groups called prides. A pride can consist of about five or six females, their cubs and one or two male lions. A lion will enter adulthood at about three years of age and can reach an age of 15 or 16 years if not wounded or elsohow made valnurable.